Italy’s Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was born on September 29, 1936. He is the second longest-serving Prime Minister of Italy. On the occasion of his 74th birthday, TIME has made a review of top oldest leaders in the world.
Silvio Berlusconi is the longest serving leaders of any G8 country, from 1994 to 1995, from 2001 to 2006 and currently since 2008. He was ranked as the 51th richest man in the world, with an estimated fortune worth $11.8 billion. His political life has tied with controversy ranging from dealings with the Mafia to Islamophobia.
Time in Power: 8 years
Robert Mugabe is the second and incumbent President of Zimbabwe. He was elected into power as the head of government since 1980 and as Prime Minister for seven following years, and as the first executive president of Zimbabwe in 1987 after establishing one-party rule in his country.
Time in Power: 30 years
Manmohan Singh is the first Silkh to be Prime Minister of India as well as the 12th Prime Ministers under an Indian National Congress Government. He appeared in TIME’s list of 100 most influential people in the world and was called "the leader other leaders love." Being sworn in office in 2004, he made reforms in liberalization and foreign investment. His party’s ruling coalition returned to power in 2009’s elections.
Time in Power: 6 years
Than Shwe, chairman of the State Peace and Development Council of Burma, used to work as a postal clerk. He replaced Saw Maung as the head of government twelve years ago. He was widely anticipated to be more moderate when taking power. He resigned his military post as rumors surfaced in August 2010. People expected that he would remain head of state until at least the end of the 2010 fiscal year. Than Shwe was ranked No.4 on Parade Magazine’s 2009 “World’s Worst Dictators” list.
Time in Power: 18 years
Kenya Mwai Kibaki is the current and third President of the republic of Kenya. He held cabinet ministerial positions including Minister for Finance (1969–1981), Minister for Home Affairs (1982–1988), and Minister for Health (1988–1991). He was sworn for his second term as president three years ago. He appeared in TIME’s list of top 100 individuals with the potential to lead in 1974.
Time in Power: 7 years
Hosni Mubarak is the fourth and current President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. He was appointed Vice President in 1975 and came to power after the assassination of President Anwar El-Sadat. He has been the longest-serving Egyptian head of state since Muhammad Ali Pasha.
Time in Power: 28 years
Abdoulaye Wade ran for president four times. He was elected in 2000, becoming the first person to win against the ruling Socialist party since Senegal gained independence in 1960. In October 2006, Wade was nominated as presidential candidate for the Senegalese Democratic Party for the February 2007 presidential election. However, his presidency has tied with allegations of corruption and other civil liberties.
Time in Power: 10 years
Raul Castro, the President of the Cuban Council of State and the President of the Council of Ministers of Cuba. On 31 July 2006, he took power of provisional President of the Cuban Council of State when his older brother Fidel was in hospital for a serious stomach illness.
Time in Power: 4 years
Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Commonwealth realms - 16 independent sovereign states, has seen great change to her “empire”. In 1970 and 1978, the queen allowed the televising of the royal family’s domestic life beside condoning the breakup of her sister’s marriage.
Time in Power: 58 years
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