Probation is a sentence which may be imposed by a court in lieu of incarceration. A criminal who is "on probation" has been convicted of a crime but has served only part of the sentence in jail, or has not served time at all. In most jurisdictions, probation is a sentencing option for misdemeanors and many felonies (these are commonly called "probation able" offenses), but not for higher-order felonies, such as capital crimes, forcible rape, and many others.
A defendant may also be placed on probation. A defendant on probation will ordinarily meet with his probation officer monthly and at times more frequently. Sometimes, a defendant will be placed on "non-reporting" probation, where he does not meet with a probation officer.
If a person is convicted of a probation violation, sometimes the court will extend his probation, or impose additional terms. Often, the court will sentence the probationer to a period of time in jail, followed by the continuation of his probation. Sometimes, the probationer will be repentance to jail or prison, or will be ordered to complete a term that was previously "suspended."
Probation offers pre-trial and intake services, conducts pre-plea, pre-sentence and pre-disposition investigation reports and provides supervision of adjudicated and convicted offenders for the court. Given the unique position of probation at several key points within these systems, it has become increasingly clear that probation plays a pivotal role in a coordinated community response to domestic violence.
Consequences for a conviction on the charge of Probation Violation include:
Probation violation occurs when a person fails to adhere to the terms of his/her probation. When a person does not comply with the terms of his/her probation, he/she may be punished with the maximum sentence for the crime in which he/she was placed on probation for committing.
After a person is placed on probation, he/she is allowed to return to his/her home environment instead of jail. In order for a person to successfully complete the terms of his/her probation, he/she must follow the rules that were set forth by the court at the time he/she was sentenced. Once a person has been placed on probation, he/she may have to report to a corrections officer on a regular basis, or complete community service activities.